CIPS L4M2 Defining Business Needs Exam Practice Test

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Total 145 questions
Question 1

Which of the following factors is most likely to be a barrier to new entrant in agriculture?



Answer : B

Barriers to Entry to Agriculture: If stakeholders are going to address the need for new, conserva-tion-minded farmers, they must understand the barriers these farmers encounter when transitioning into the profession. A review of the literature revealed a number of barriers---most of them structural---to entry to agriculture. While each barrier is distinct, they are all interconnected. Though not an exhaustive list, the following barriers are ones that were most frequently mentioned in the literature:

- Access to Affordable Land

- Startup Capital

- Lack of Agricultural Knowledge and Experience

- Lack of Knowledge about Farm Business Planning

- Discrimination

- Student Loans

- Limited Access to Markets

- Affordable Housing and Affordable Healthcare

...

Source: Exploring the Barriers to Entry to Agriculture: Challenges Facing Beginning Farmers in North Carolina - Kelley Robbins-Thompson


LO 2, AC 2.2

Question 2

Product development consists of various stages, including planning and analysis, design develop-ment, pre-production, production and maintenance. At which stages the opportunities for cost re-duction will be the greatest?

1. Planning stage

2. Pre-design stage

3. Detail design stage

4. Production stage

5. Logistics support stage



Answer : C

Writing a specification and then procuring and using the product or service has a number of stages. The further on in the process you are, the less potential there is for cost reductions. Therefore, opportunities for cost reduction will be greatest in the two first stages: planning stage and pre-design stage.

LO 3, AC 3.1


Question 3

Which of the following agencies can produce a technical standard?



Answer : C

Technical standards are often produced by a national or international body such as British Standard Institute (BSI)

LO 3, AC 3.1


Question 4

GE has developed TurboProp engine that is made from over 850 metal parts. These parts are sourced from many suppliers. Value of spend on these parts make up 73% of total spend. Any delay in receiving a part will cause a bottleneck around the production of the engine. Which of the following should be the best course of action of GE's CPO?



Answer : C

In this scenario, the final product has vast range of parts. The second problem is lacking any part can cause disruption to the production process. So GE has 2 things to do: to reduce the part varie-ties, and secure the supply. Part standardisation is the best option here. It can simplify the range of parts or materials used, and simultaneously, it expands the supply base of GE. If a supplier fails to deliver the part, the company always has other options to replace.

Costs are also a concern, but bottleneck in production imposes a serious risk to the organisation. Driving down costs using market competition cannot be a foremost priority.

Increasing production may help to reduce bottleneck. However, it will also increase the inventory of finished products and unnecessary upkeep costs.

LO 3, AC 3.4


Question 5

According to Porter's value chain, which of the following activities is categorised as support activity?



Answer : E

Primary activities consist of inbound logistics, operations, outbound logistics, sales & marketing, service.

Second activities consist of firm infrastructure, human resource management, technology development and procurement

Support activities (also known as secondary activities) include Firm infrastructure, Human resource management, Technology development and Procurement. Developing digital SRM technology to manage suppliers better is Technology development.

LO 1, AC 1.2


Question 6

What is the contribution of marketing function to the development of specification?



Answer : C

Marketing plays a critical role in sales. The marketing department introduces products to the con-sumer, and creates strategic messaging that elevates appeal and ultimately drives sales. The feed-back and response from consumers is measured by the marketing team on a variety of levels. Ad-vertising is one means of seeing what performs and what does not perform. Marketers will note trends and demand in their specific markets. This plays into new product development, because the marketing team can work with product developers to create products based on that demand.

In development of specification, the role of marketing is largely the same. They provide the market insight so that right specification is developed and it matches the demands from customers.


- CIPS study guide page 173-175

- Role of Marketing Management in New Product Development (chron.com)

LO 3, AC 3.4

Question 7

Which of the following is a tool to define roles and responsibilities of a project team?



Answer : A

A responsibility assignment matrix[1] (RAM), also known as RACI matrix[2] (/resi/) or linear responsibility chart[3] (LRC), describes the participation by various roles in complet-ing tasks or deliverables for a project or business process. RACI is an acronym derived from the four key responsibilities most typically used: responsible, accountable, consulted, and informed.[4] It is used for clarifying and defining roles and responsibilities in cross-functional or departmental projects and processes.[5] There are a number of alternatives to the RACI model.

Role distinction[edit]

There is a distinction between a role and individually identified people: a role is a descriptor of an associated set of tasks; may be performed by many people; and one person can perform many roles. For example, an organization may have ten people who can perform the role of project manager, although traditionally each project only has one project manager at any one time; and a person who is able to perform the role of project manager may also be able to perform the role of business analyst and tester.

R = Responsible (also recommender)Those who do the work to complete the task.[6] There is at least one role with a participation type of responsible, although others can be delegated to assist in the work required (see also RASCI below for separately identifying those who participate in a sup-porting role).

A = Accountable (also approver or final approving authority)The one ultimately answerable for the correct and thorough completion of the deliverable or task, the one who ensures the prerequi-sites of the task are met and who delegates the work to those responsible.[6] In other words, an accountable must sign off (approve) work that responsible provides. There must be only one accountable specified for each task or deliverable.[7]

C = Consulted (sometimes consultant or counsel)Those whose opinions are sought, typical-ly subject-matter experts; and with whom there is two-way communication.[6]

I = Informed (also informee)Those who are kept up-to-date on progress, often only on completion of the task or deliverable; and with whom there is just one-way communication.[6]

Very often the role that is accountable for a task or deliverable may also be responsible for com-pleting it (indicated on the matrix by the task or deliverable having a role accountable for it, but no role responsible for its completion, i.e. it is implied). Outside of this exception, it is generally recommended that each role in the project or process for each task receive, at most, just one of the participation types. Where more than one participation type is shown, this generally implies that participation has not yet been fully resolved, which can impede the value of this technique in clarifying the participation of each role on each task.


- CIPS study guide page 17

- Responsibility assignment matrix - Wikipedia

LO 1, AC 1.1

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