ISTQB Agile Public Sector Exam Practice Test

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Total 40 questions
Question 1

Which of the following sentences related to Risk-based testing is CORRECT?

SELECT ONE OPTION



Answer : C

Risk-based testing is a strategic approach to testing that prioritizes testing activities based on the level of risk associated with various features or components of the software. In Agile development, this approach aligns well with the iterative and incremental nature of Agile methodologies. During both release and iteration planning, Agile teams assess and prioritize work based on risk, value, and other factors. This double layer of risk analysis allows teams to focus their testing efforts more effectively on areas that pose the greatest risk to the project's success, thereby enhancing the quality and reliability of the deliverables. This approach is consistent with Agile principles, which emphasize adaptability and the delivery of value to the customer.


Question 2

Which ONE of the following is an example of a typical "Business-oriented work product"?

SELECT ONE OPTION



Answer : C

In Agile projects, a 'Business-oriented work product' refers to any deliverable that provides business value or is directly usable by the end users or stakeholders of the project. Among the options provided, a user manual is a typical example of a business-oriented work product because it is designed for end users, helping them understand and use the product effectively. Other options, such as the released product itself, acceptance testing criteria, and usability test results, while important, do not fit the definition of a business-oriented work product in the same direct manner as a user manual does.


Question 3

Which of the following sentences about the integration of development and testing activities in Agile projects is INCORRECT?

SELECT ONE OPTION



Answer : B

In Agile projects, the integration of development and testing activities involves close collaboration between developers and testers, but it does not typically involve testers replacing developers in writing unit test automation scripts. Agile methodologies, such as Scrum and XP (Extreme Programming), encourage developers to write their own unit tests as part of the Test-Driven Development (TDD) process. Testers often focus on higher-level testing activities, such as acceptance testing and exploratory testing, and may work alongside developers to enhance test coverage and effectiveness. The incorrect statement about testers replacing developers in writing unit test automation scripts contradicts the Agile principle of developers being responsible for the quality of their code, which includes writing and maintaining unit tests.


Question 4

You are working on an Agile project and have been asked to implement exploratory testing for the current sprint. Which one of the following is a correct approach to adopt?

SELECT ONE OPTION



Answer : B

Exploratory testing in an agile environment involves the creative and intuitive testing of software without the constraints of predefined test cases. Time-boxed sessions, typically not exceeding 2 hours, are used to maintain focus and efficiency. Test charters guide these sessions, providing direction while still allowing for flexibility and adaptability in testing approaches. This method leverages the skills and experience of testers to uncover issues that might not be identified through traditional scripted testing, aligning with the agile emphasis on individuals and interactions over processes and tools.


Question 5

What is the definition of agile software development?

SELECT ONE OPTION



Answer : A

Agile software development is characterized by its iterative and incremental approach, where development is conducted in cycles, and the work is divided into small, manageable chunks known as iterations or sprints. This approach allows for frequent reassessment of the project's direction, making it easier to incorporate changes and adapt to new information. Self-organizing, cross-functional teams are a hallmark of agile methodologies, emphasizing collaboration, flexibility, and team empowerment. This definition captures the essence of agile as described in various agile methodologies and the Agile Manifesto.


Question 6

You are developing the code that controls an industrial Espresso machine which will be operated by waiting staff in restaurants.

The machine is rather complicated and has lots of switches and buttons, so in the next iteration instructions will be provided to the operator on a small LCD screen.

A User Story for the Operator-Instructions module is as follows:

"As an operator of the Espresso machine, I would like to know how to steam milk, so I can add steamed milk to the coffee."

The following is a list of risks identified for this story, with assigned probability and impact.

Which of these is most correct in the context of the given User Story?

SELECT ONE OPTION



Answer : B

In the context of the provided User Story for the Operator-Instructions module of an industrial Espresso machine, option B is the most pertinent risk. This option states, 'The instructions may be incorrect or appear in the wrong order. Probability: Low. Impact: High.' This risk directly affects the core functionality described in the User Story, which is to provide operators with accurate instructions for steaming milk.

Agile methodologies emphasize the importance of delivering value to the customer through functional and usable increments of the product. Incorrect or improperly ordered instructions would directly undermine the usability of the Espresso machine for its intended operators, potentially leading to operational errors, customer dissatisfaction, and a failure to deliver the intended value of the User Story.

While the other risks mentioned (A, C, and D) might have their relevance in broader project considerations, they do not directly impact the achievement of the User Story's goal as much as option B does. The risk of incorrect or out-of-order instructions is particularly significant because it could lead to improper operation of the machine, resulting in quality issues with the product (steamed milk in this case) or even damage to the machine, both of which have high impact on the project's success.

Therefore, option B is the verified answer as it most accurately reflects a risk that is directly related to the achievement of the User Story's objective, aligning with agile principles of focusing on delivering functional and valuable product increments to the customer.


Question 7

Which of the following describes the main purpose of a task management tool in agile projects?

SELECT ONE OPTION



Answer : C

In agile projects, task management tools play a crucial role in facilitating project management and team collaboration. Specifically, option C accurately describes the primary function of a task management tool in agile contexts. These tools are designed to manage and track various elements of agile projects, including user stories, tests, tasks, and more, thereby enabling teams to maintain visibility and control over the project's progress.

Agile methodologies prioritize adaptability, customer collaboration, and the delivery of value through iterative development cycles. Task management tools support these principles by providing a platform for organizing work, prioritizing tasks, and ensuring that all team members are aligned on the project's objectives and progress. This alignment is essential for maintaining the agility and responsiveness characteristic of agile projects.

For example, the Scrum framework, a popular agile methodology, involves creating a product backlog that contains all the user stories and tasks needed for the project. The task management tool would be used to track these items through various stages of development, from the backlog to in-progress, testing, and completion. This tracking ensures that the team can adapt to changes, manage workloads effectively, and deliver increments of value to the customer consistently.

In summary, option C is the verified answer as it encapsulates the essential purpose of a task management tool in agile projects, which is to manage and track user stories, tests, and other tasks, thereby supporting the agile principles of adaptability, customer collaboration, and iterative delivery of value.


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Total 40 questions